Ganesh Chaturthi is celebrated as the birth anniversary of Lord Ganesh, The God of Wisdom, Prosperity and Good fortune. It is believed that Lord Ganesh was born during Shukla Paksha of Bhadrapada month. Currently, the Ganesh Chaturthi day falls in the months of August or September in the modern-day calendar. is observed throughout India, especially in the states such as Maharashtra, Goa, Telangana, Gujarat and Chhattisgarh, and is usually celebrated privately at home in states such as Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.
The festival is celebrated both Publicly & At home. For the Public celebrations, the preparations for the festivities begin beforehand. Mandapa or Pandals are set up for the public are usually hosted by Business or Community Organizations. The Murtis are brought to pandals on the day or a day before the Festival. The Ganesh Pandals are known for having Ravishing Decorations and Lighting. The size or the Murtis Range from 0.75 (1.9 cm) Inches to 70 feet (21 m). In Homes, The Murti is worshipped in the morning and evening with offerings of flowers, durva, karanji and modaks. The worship ends with the singing of an aarti in honour of Ganesh, other Gods and Saints. The celebrations end after 1 1⁄2, 3, 5, 7 or 11 days. At that time the Murti is ceremoniously brought to a body of water for immersion.
Public celebrations of the festival are popular and are organised by local youth groups, neighbourhood associations or groups of tradespeople. The Ganesh idols and accompanying statues are installed in temporary shelters, known as mandaps or pandals. The festival features cultural activities such as singing, theatre and orchestral performances and community activities such as free medical check-ups, blood-donation sites and donations to the poor. The Festival also holds an Economic Significance. Many artists, industries and businesses earn a significant amount of their living during the festival. The Primary Dish prepared for the festival is Modak, a dumpling made from rice or wheat flour stuffed with grated coconut, jaggery, dried fruits and other condiments and steamed or fried.
The festival as amazing and vibrant it is, it causes various environmental hazards as the idol is usually made up from Plaster of Paris. It incorporates chemicals that pollute the sea water. So due to Such Environmental Concerns a number of families now avoid bodies of water and let the clay statue disintegrate in a barrel of water at home. After a few days, the clay water is spread in the garden. In Tamil Nadu, the idols are usually made of Papier-Mache, coconut & other organic products.